Introduction of garment washing

Different types of washing machine
September 18, 2018

Introduction of garment washing

1.1 Definition of garment washing: The technology which is used to modify the appearance, out look comfort ability & fashion of the garments is called garment washing.

Since 1978, garments pre washing has become more and more popular. It began with denim jeans for the following reasons,

  • Before garments pre washing was done on jeans, consumers had to wash them at home before wearing them because before washing they were too stiff, too long and too big to wear.
  • After pre washing, the consumers do not have to worry about the fit after they wash them as pre washing has taken away almost all the shrinkage and made the jeans stable.
  • After pre washing the denim color looks more lively particular with the pronounced washed look left on the double needled seams.



1.2 Purpose of Washing :

  1. To remove the size materials (Starch) from the garments which is the most important function of washing. As a result the garments become size free and feel soft during use.
  2. To remove any dirt, dust and other impurities which is presents or at added in the garments during manufacturing.
  3. To produce similar or different outlook in the garments by different technique.
  4. To create color or  tinted affect in the garments by washing technique.
  5. To create new fashion such as tagging, grinding, destroy, blasting, crinkle, P.P spray etc in the garments by washing technique.
  6. To develop softness in the fabric by removing hardness of fabric.

 

1.3 Requirements of garments Washing:

  1. It should be remove size materials from the garments.
  2. It should be removed any dirt, dust, and other impurities from the surface of garments.
  3. It should be attracted the customer or buyer by using different fashionable washing and market developments.
  4. It should be used new/modern/latest machines.
  5. It should be used various types of chemicals.
  6. It should be comparatively more profitable than others.




1.4 Advantages of garments washing:

  1. It removes size materials from the garments which is the most important function in the washing as a result the garments become size free and feel soft during use.
  2. It removes any dirt, dust, and other impurities from the surface of garments.
  3. It attracts the customer or buyer by using different fashionable washing and market developments.
  4. Washed garments could be worn directly the garments after purchase from shop or store.
  5. Initial investments cost to setup a garments washing plants is comparatively lower.

 

1.5 Effects of garments washing:

  1. Change the appearance of the garments.
  2. Change in size.Change in color.
  3. Change in comfort.
  4. Change in outlook of the garments.
  5. Change in design.
  6. Change in fashion.
  7. Remove size materials.
  8. Removes any dirt, dust, and other impurities from the surface of garments.
  9. Shrinkage of garments occur which conform the actual size.

 

1.6 Types of garments washing:

Garments washing process are mainly two types

  1. Wet process
  2. Dry process

1.6.1. Wet process:

Different types of wet process are given below:

  1. Normal wash
  2. Enzyme wash.
  3. Caustic wash.
  4. Silicon wash.
  5. Stone wash.
  6. Stone Enzyme wash.
  7. Acid wash.
  8. Bleach wash.
  9. Soft wash.
  10. Carbonizing or burn wash.
  11. Tie wash.
  12. Super white wash.
  13. Towel wash.

 

 

1.6.2. Dry process:

Different types of dry process are given below:

  1. Sand Blasting.
  2. Hands scraping.
  3. 3-D crinkles.
  4. Pressure crinkle.
  5. Grinding.
  6. Tagging.
  7. PP Spray & PP Sponging.
  8. Destroy.
  9. Whisker.
  10. Crimping.etc.

1.7 Types of Machine used in washing plants:

  1. Sample washing Machine (Horizontal / Vertical Type)
  2. Washing Machine (Side loading)
  3. Washing Machine (Front loading)
  4. Hydro extractor Machine
  5. Dryer Machine (Steam)
  6. Dryer Machine (Gas)
  7. Chemical Mixture Machine
  8. Industrial Oven (Gas/Electric)
  9. Boiler
  10. Submersible Pump
  11. Grinding Machine
  12. Tagging Machine
  13. Steam chamber for crinkle
  14. E.T.P (Effluent Treatment Plant)
  15. Generator
  16. Sand Blasting Gun
  17. Sand Blasting chamber
  18. Spray gun and dummy
  19. Screw compressor
  20. Laser draw.



1.8 Types of Chemicals used in washing Plant:

1. Enzyme 2. Detergent
3. Acetic Acid 4. Anti-stain
5.Bleaching powder 6.Sodium hyposulfite
7. Caustic Soda 8. Soda Ash
9. Sodium Bicarbonate 10. potassium Permanganate
11. cationic/nonionic Flax softener 12. Micro Emulsion Silicon
13. Salt (sodium chloride) 14. Buffer
15. Hydrogen peroxide 16. Stabilizer
17. Fixing 18. Catanizer
19. Optical Brightener 20. Resin
21. Sodium Metabisulphite 22. Desizing agent

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